That is because John J. Flanagan, who leads the Republicans in the State Senate, still wants to use the extension as leverage to get things he wants, like increasing the number of charter schools, which Mr. Heastie opposes.

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New York State Assembly Speaker Carl E. Heastie at the state Capitol. He said he did not want mayoral control used as a bargaining chip.

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Nathaniel Brooks for The New York Times

As the deadline approaches, City Hall officials have sought to increase the pressure. The schools chancellor, Carmen Fariña, went to Albany on Tuesday. Mr. de Blasio held a telephone news conference with the former federal education secretary, Arne Duncan, in which the mayor defended Mr. Heastie’s approach.

“The speaker has laid out a structural position, which I agree with fundamentally, that we should stop doing this year after year,” Mr. de Blasio said. “He’s saying we should get out of that paradigm entirely and get past that and put mayoral control above the fray.”

He added that there was no reason to tie mayoral control to an increase in the cap on charter schools. “There’s ample room for additional charter schools over the next two years,” he said.

The Assembly passed a bill in May that would extend mayoral control until June 2019, but linked it to the extension of property tax rates and incentives that cities and counties rely on for their operations. Mr. Heastie said that, having passed that bill, he would not stay beyond the legislative session to negotiate a different deal on mayoral control.

Real estate transfer taxes in some areas, hotel occupancy taxes in others, and the current tax rates for New York City are to expire at the end of November. Mayoral control lapses at the end of this month.

“We view this as a local extender issue, just like any other local extender issue,” said Michael Whyland, a spokesman for Mr. Heastie. “That’s why we decided to throw it into one bill with the local tax extender.”

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Senate Majority Leader John J. Flanagan before a meeting with Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo and others on Tuesday at the Capitol.

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Nathaniel Brooks for The New York Times

Asked whether Mr. Heastie would be open to changing his position, Mr. Whyland said, “No.”

Speaking to reporters in Albany on Tuesday, Ms. Fariña indicated that she had begun preparing for the summer, should the mayor lose control of the schools. “I would not be a very good head of the school if I didn’t have contingency plans for all kinds of scenarios,” she said.

Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo remained silent about city schools Tuesday. He met in his office with Mr. Heastie, Mr. Flanagan and Jeffrey D. Klein, who leads a breakaway faction of Senate Democrats, on Tuesday for the second straight day to discuss mayoral control and other issues. None of the leaders have argued for returning to the system of local school boards that existed before Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg secured mayoral control of city schools in 2002.

Mr. Heastie emerged first from the meeting, saying nothing new had resulted. Mr. Flanagan said the participants had a “full-blown” discussion of mayoral control, but that an agreement was not imminent. He reiterated that charter schools were central to the negotiations.

Mr. Cuomo did not emerge. Last week, he described what he called the compromise position: Mr. de Blasio should get a three-year extension of mayoral control and “there should be a charter school component in the program.”

That view was echoed by Mr. Duncan, perhaps inadvertently, during his telephone call with Mr. de Blasio and reporters. Mr. Duncan, who supported charter schools while in the Obama administration, urged state leaders to find common ground even if it meant giving some ground on charter schools.

“In politics, there’s always some compromise,” he said.

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